MEDIEVAL HISTORY

THE VISIGOTHS. CABRA, EPISCOPAL HEADQUARTERS

During the Roman domination, the original nucleus built on the Iberian settlement of the Old Village spread to nearby promontory known as El Cerro. This urban growth was maintained during the Visigoth period, so that the population was seated on the two promontories. Around that main population some payments and villas where a major agricultural activity was developed extended.

In the midst of this crisis scenario Cabra lived a golden age to the point that the old Roman Egabro became an administrative center of primary importance, it being located in the headquarters of the Episcopal diocese of Visigoth Hispania. The importance of the data is that the existence of a head of bishopric in Cabra, It meant not only an element of religious value, but given the existing structure, episcopal sees were both administrative and governmental centers of the region. What we know about the egabrense diocese and its bishops is based primarily on data provided by the acts of the councils of Toledo. The Second Council of Toledo, held in year 589, Bishop John attended the egabrense, who signed in nineteenth place among the 72 assistants. Other bishops were Deodato egabrenses, contemporary of St. Isidore of Seville, whose jurisdiction belonged to the suffragan diocese of Cabra, and Bacauda, who guided the destinies of the egabrense episcopal chair between 648 Y 671, attending the Eighth Council of Toledo.

Of his episcopate a valuable epigraphic evidence is preserved: Stone consecration of an altar in honor of the Virgin Mary. Such consecration took place on 30 May the year 650. This altar was set in the present church of San Juan del Cerro, where presumably the egabrense Episcopal church settled, built on the ruins of an old Roman temple which was located at the same site.

The jurisdiction of the diocese egabrense spread through the lands now occupied part of the countryside of Córdoba, the region of the Cordovan Subbética and the northern lands of the current neighboring province of Malaga and Cordoba. Among other populations, they were : Lucena, Benamejí, route, Priego de Córdoba, Carcabuey, Zambra, Monturque, Aguilar, Montilla, Montemayor, Mirror, Castro del Rio, Baena, Zuheros or Antequera.
We can say that goat was at the time of the Visigoths the most important in southern Córdoba population from the religious point of view, political, administrative and perhaps economic.

THE ARRIVAL OF MUSLIMS. THE GOAT CORA

So that, for reasons of continuity histótica Cabra became the capital of a Muslim province, whose boundaries were somewhat lower than those of the old Visigothic bishopric. By Southern, its territory was marked by the river Genil, which it meant that the parishes of the diocese egabrense claimed in the Second Council of Seville by the Bishop of Málaga, they must pass this jurisdiction. you were also amputated some enclaved Citie in Subbeticas, as was the case of Priego de Córdoba, Zuheros y Luque, who were adcritos the Cora de Elvira(Granada). For the North, cora of Cabra 1legaba to Baena, Castro del Rio, Mirror and Aguilar.

SOCIETY AND ECONOMY

The arrival of Muslims to Cabra involved the contribution of a new ethnic element. The origin of the invading group that settled in these lands was of Syrian origin, their numerical relevance being very small compared to the volume of indigenous population. Despite inferiority, They became the dominant caste and in little more than a century had imposed on the majority of the population customs, lifestyles and religious beliefs.

CULTURE. THE BIRTH OF THE muwassaha.

During the first years of the Muslim conquest the cultural level of the ancient inhabitants of Egabro was much higher than the invaders -Arabs, Berbers and Syrians.

There was, ulgunos for centuries a rich mixture in the streets of Cabra, where the contributions of the two existing cultures were combined: of Mozarabs and Muslims. It have one of the most important testimonies culturules have about this situation in the whole of Al-Andalus, since jarchas, that is to say, the final stanza of the moaxajas written in romance, They were invented by a poet of Cover: Muqaddam ben Muafa. blind poet, He is known by his contemporaries as al-Qabri. It jarcha soon spread throughout AL-Andalus and became one of the oldest -the demonstrations that has reached our days of this cultural miscegenation.

the name change occurs to name our population, since Muslim sources use the term Qabra. This term is an adaptation to the Arabic word Egabro, according to standard musulmunes seguidu by giving the name places held before, adapted to their language.

CHRISTIAN CONQUEST. CABRA, PLACE OF BORDER

Goat had been busy in summer 1240, probably day 15 of August, Feast of the Assumption of Mary. This date was confirmed by the fact that Christians used to put under the patronage Day Saint church erected in the same place where the mosque of the population passed its power up.

Faced with the legendary traditions that speak of bloody fighting to achieve the Christian occupation of Muslim populations, the reality was that the resistance offered to the Castilian armies was low in most places.