One of the most attractive and interesting periods in the history of Cabra is taking place throughout the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, that is to say, known periods with the names of Renaissance and Baroque. Since the late fifteenth century and early sixteenth the population it experienced a development eastward.

Renaissance forms were imposed on the model of urban sprawl egabrense, developing a lattice plane in which several main axes, determined by the streets Priego, Alamos and San Martin, They were crossed by a set of transverse tracks.

Many families of the local nobility built their homes in the growth zone.

Constructive fever, that was a reflection of the demographic increase in Cabra throughout the century, also it came in the religious sphere, establishing itself hermitages and monasteries. The most important of the first was the one dedicated to Saint Anne (today parish of Remedios) and that was in the area of ​​orchards located in the eastern part of the population. By mid-century Dominican monastery was founded, who came to join the Dominicans of St. Martin, It erected at the beginning of the century.

In the early sixteenth century the neighborhood must be between 800 and the 1.000 neighbors. That is to say, between the 3500 and the 4.000 population. In a standard developed in 1577, the number of neighbors gathered in the same amounted to 2.156, which meant, approximately, a figure higher than the 8.500 population. Next to craft agricultural development and growth, came alive a strong religious sentiment linked to the foundation of brotherhoods and the erection of hermitages. In this century are rooted brotherhoods such as Ntra. Mrs. of the head, the Vera Cruz, the Blessed Sacrament, the Dulce Nombre de Jesus, the Ntra. Mrs. of Solitude, the Ntra. Mrs. Hope, that of Jesus of Nazareth and the Holy Burial, the Santa Lucia, the Calvary or Ntra. Mrs. Rosary.

The economic and demographic growth of Cabra expansion led to the founding of a number of religious establishments. Hospital San Rodrigo, actually it was two hospitals, the San Rodrigo and Charity, They are attending both natives of the village as outsiders. It was handed over administration to the brothers of San Juan de Dios, that in this way they established themselves as religious order in Cabra from the year 1586. A convents of Dominicans joined the lows San Francisco in l.589. The l0 November L.550 Count of Cabra, Don Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordoba, He approved the costs incurred by the municipal council in construction, a new City Hall.


The above population growth stops and becomes first recoil after. Three major epidemics of plague, A particularly capricious weather, many dry years succeeding with others of torrential rains. Its impact on agriculture and livestock, the pillars of the economy, were baleful. These elements frequent alterations monetary joined, becoming a crippling factor in the economy. The tax burden grew continuously.

In 1679 the egabrense priest Luis de Aguilar and Eslava instituted a school under the patronage of the Immaculate Conception. This center humanities began his academic career in l.692 and over time earned the title of royal college, under the reign of Carlos III. In the nineteenth century he harbored a grammar school, which it became a school of primary importance in the Cordovan noon.
Asimismo, was founded in the late seventeenth century a convent run by nuns Augustinian Recollect, whose arrival in Cabra happened in 1697.